The aim of the ADAPT2CLIMA Decision Support tool is to enhance understanding of climate change and its impacts on agriculture in order to support farmers, policy makers and other relevant stakeholders (agronomists, agribusiness industry, etc.) in adaptation planning.
With this tool the user may discover useful information on the magnitude of climate change impacts for each crop under study (barley, wheat, grape, olive, potato and tomato) for the Mediterranean islands of Crete, Sicily and Cyprus, as well as, to assess the potential for enhancing resilience through the implementation of selected adaptation measures.
Furthermore, the user may explore in detail the relevant climatic, hydrologic, crop and socio-economic indicators, as well as the selected adaptation measures used for the impact and adaptation assessment of agriculture to climate change.
The main climate change scenarios examined refer to the average climatic conditions expected for the period 2031-2060 under RCP4.5 and 8.5 and therefore, the tool may serve for long-term adaptation planning.
Additionally, extreme climatic scenarios (dry, wet, hot, cold) under RCP8.5 are examined in order for the tool to be used for short-term adaptation planning by farmers, in case such extreme climatic conditions occur in the near future.
The information is presented through interactive visualization maps, graphs and tables by means of the ADAPT2CLIMA tool.
The tool is freely available at the following address: https://tool.adapt2clima.eu
The methodology for the assessment of total climate change impacts on agriculture was based on the relevant terminology presented within the 5th Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).
According to the latter, the total impacts are a result of the interaction of climate change and the vulnerability of the exposed system and population.
Climate change affects crop yield and water availability which are the intermediate climate change impacts, while the exposure and vulnerability of the agricultural sector is considered to have an additional effect to the total impacts.
To address climate change impacts on agriculture, the most appropriate adaptation measures were identified, evaluated and proposed, through relevant consultations with project stakeholders.
For the assessment of the intermediate impacts, a state-of-the-art of regional climate model was used, the output of which was used to feed hydrological and crop simulation models.
The tool is currently applied in Cyprus, Crete (Greece) and Sicily (Italy) but it may be used by everyone wishing to develop a regional adaptation strategy for the agricultural sector of Italy, Greece and Cyprus, through the “Apply the tool to your area” feature.
Who are the potential users of the ADAPT2CLIMA tool?
The main advantage of the ADAPT2CLIMA tool is that it is co-designed and tailored to meet the needs of a broad range of user groups. These groups include:
- Individual farmers and agricultural cooperatives that may be informed on the expected climate change impacts to their cultivations as well as on the available measures for adaptation.
- Agronomists in their turn may support farmers to the adaptation process, while the agribusiness industry may redesign or develop new adaptation-oriented products.
- National, regional and local authorities may gain an overall insight to the expected climate change impacts on their agricultural sectors and identify the available adaptation measures in order to include them in their adaptation strategies and policies.
- The academic community may access valuable scientific data to promote research on climate change and agriculture-related research fields.
- Non-Governmental Organizations, civil associations and the public in general may gain insight on the climate change impacts for the project areas, promote public acceptance of adaptation policies and push for governmental action.